Interview with Assaf Al Jilani, a Fugara
Interview with the Hamad of the Jordan Valley, a Fugara
Bedouin Doctor in Wadi Rum
    
Most Bedouins refer to their Shamans by the term “Fugara”’.   The Fugara teachings are an integral aspect of Desert Mysticism, and include meditative, mystical and magical practices. The oral tradition was passed from father to son. The Fugara Bedouin tradition maintains a surprising internal coherency of practice and belief.

Fugara is a member of the tribe who provides healing, advice, teaching or spiritual insight through mediation, altered states of consciousness or dreaming.

Fugara means "weak" since most of the bedouin shamans ''Fugara'' abstain from eating hefty meals. Not surprisingly, the result is a skinny look and a weak body, hence the name. "Fugara".

The nomadic bedouin Shamans assume a socio-religious function within the tribe. The shaman may fill the role of a priest, sheik, or healer.

The Bedouins explained any phenomena significantly affecting their lives by intervention of superhuman entities, be they gods or demons. These entities were divided into three categories: ancestors, the gods, and the djin or Jinn.''

''Jinn are said to have come to Earth ages before man existed. They were the first of Earth's masters. They built huge cities whose ruins still stand in forgotten places. Eons later many a Jinn were forced to flee the Earth while others were imprisoned. Still others roam desolate places to this day. The Jinn are said to be invisible to common men”. 

   * The Mystery of the Lost Shamans "Al Sulaba"

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